The first information on SRI was brought to Bangladesh in 1999 by a CARE/Bangladesh employee who circulated a paper by N. Uphoff within NGO and government circles after she attended a conference in Bellagio, Italy. During 1999-2001, CARE/Bangladesh and the Department of Agricultural Extension (DAE) introduced SRI to farmers with whom they were working in Kishorganj District (first boro season average of 6.5-7.5 t/ha), the Bangladesh Rice Research Institute (BRRI) documented a 1 t/ha yield increase and Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committee (BRAC) initiated its own trials. In January 2002, a meeting hosted by BRAC brought together public sector, NGO and private sector institutions and resulted in the formation of a national SRI working group and steering committee which gave rise to national SRI workshops in 2002 and 2003. The steering committee was composed of BRRI, DAE, BRAC, CARE, and Syngenta/Bangladesh, which had also tried SRI methods for two years and found them beneficial, particularly for seed multiplication. Other 2003-2004 evaluations were undertaken by BRAC (2003), SAFE Group (2003), and PETRRA (2004).
During 2006, a meeting of the Bangladesh SRI National Steering Committee hosted in Dhaka by ActionAid resulted in the establishment of a SRI National Network Bangladesh (NBB) which subsequently was funded by the Asian Development Bank to undertake SRI trials in different regions of the country. A national workshop on October 11, 2006, was convened by the SRI NNB with cosponsorship and support from Oxfam GB Bangladesh. ActionAid/Bangladesh 2006 reports from several districts showed positive results with SRI. According to 2006 and 2007 reports, various partner NGOs of Oxfam GB Bangladesh (SSUS, ZIBIKA, SKS, GUK, RSDA, Padakhep and POPI) implemented SRI with resource-poor farmers in the northern Char region and the northeastern Haor region with good results. A national SRI workshop was held in 2008 was chaired by the Secretary of Agriculture. The most recent national SRI workshop, which was jointly organized by SRI National Network Bangladesh (SRI NNB) and BRRI, was held at the Bangladesh Rice Research Institute on April 28, 2010. Future plans included an integrated and coordinated program approach by government (research and extension) and NGOs (national and international) for promotion of SRI in Bangladesh. (Revised proceedings were made available in 2012). For a more details rendition of the history of SRI in Bangladesh, see Muazzam Husain's 2015 update on behalf of the SRI NNB. A 2015 research project involving 3,000 farmers was undertaken to understand SRI adoption in 180 villages associated with BRAC. The results showed that when provided with the incentives, 50% (one in two) of the referred farmers adopted the SRI techniques. Though SRI techniques involve some additional labor for managing practices, the profit remains significantly higher (33%) than the traditional farming, even with less-than-perfect adoption of SRI. The findings were reported in a January 15, 2017, seminar in Dhaka.
- Seminar to Disseminate IGC-Commissioned Study on SRI Held in Dhaka
[January 12, 2017] IGC Bangladesh, together with the Department of Agricultural Extension (DAE) of the Ministry of Agriculture, hosted a seminar on January 15, 2017, to disseminate the findings of the International Growth Centre (IGC) commissioned study entitled “Social network, referrals and technology adoption: Randomized field experiments using Systems of Rice Intensification (SRI)”. The study, led by Professor Asadul Islam (Monash University), presents interesting results on effective diffusion mechanism of agriculture knowledge and practice and how farmers can be motivated to adopt new technology. The Department of Agricultural Extension (DAE) aims to provide knowledge on eco-friendly, sustainable agricultural practices to marginal farmers as well as commercial agriculture with a view to enhance agriculture productivity. As paddy is the major crop in Bangladesh, DAE is interested in insights on farmer’s behavior on technology adoption and changes in management practices in response to the diffusion mechanisms incentives utilized by the study. Findings such as these related to SRI are particularly useful to DAE to modify or amend in order to improve the efficacy of extension services practices currently delivered. [For additional information see the IGC article; additional background can be found in the item directly below]
- Collaborative Research Project at BRAC Sheds Light on SRI Adoption
[September 2016] A project funded by the International Growth Centre (IGC) was undertaken by researchers from Cornell, Stanford, and Monash Universities, IIT (Kanpur), and BRAC to study Technology Adoption, System of Rice Intensification and Food Security in Rural Bangladesh. The researchers wanted to find out why more farmers in Bangladesh had not adopted SRI methods on their farms. According to a later GDRC article, 300 villages were visited and 180 were randomly selected for training and to receive information about SRI. About 3,000 farmers from these villages were trained. The results showed that when provided with the incentives, 50% (one in two) of the referred farmers adopted the SRI techniques as opposed to 1 in 3 farmers when incentives for referral were not provided. This showed that the incentives matter, but not the conditions (see article for referral incentive details). Though SRI techniques involve some additional labor for managing practices, and hence the cost is higher, the profit remains significantly higher (33%) than the traditional farming. This is true even with less-than-perfect adoption of SRI. The main constraint for adoption appears to be managing irrigation, which made it difficult for some farmers to use SRI methods effectively. The irrigation system, though privately managed, requires collaboration among farmers of nearby plots of land to pump water at the same time.
The team leader, Asad Islam, met with Secretary, Ministry of Agriculture for Bangladesh and is working with the government to explore ways adoption and diffusion of SRI can be enhanced across the country. (See Islam's project description in the video at right.) The department of agricultural extension (DAE) has in principle agreed to recommend practices of SRI through its marketing branch and local agricultural officers. A national level workshop is being planned after the final results are available for which the survey is now ongoing. A follow up study is planned. [See video explaining the project and results, GDRI summary article, and the original working paper from February 2015.]
- SRI Research in Bangladesh Presented at the 17th Annual Australian Agronomy Conference
[September 24, 2015] Md. Abu Bakar Siddique Sarker, Principle Scientific Officer in the Agronomy Division of the Bangladesh Rice Research Institute (BRRI), gave a presentation on SRI at the 17th Annual Australian Agronomy Conference. He shared the importance of improving rice production in Bangladesh, and discussed experiments conducted from 2007-2011 to determine the best ways to implement SRI during the Boro rice-growing season. Factors tested included timing of transplanting, water management, fertilizer use, soil stirring, spacing, and nursery bed design. (Click on the image to the right to view the powerpoint).
- 2015 Progress Report Recounts Activities of the SRI National Network Bangladesh Over Past Decade
[April 30, 2015] Muazzam Husain, Coordinator of the SRI National Network Bangladesh (SRI NNB), provided a report chronicling the activities of the SRI NNB, which was formalized in 2006. The document recounts the SRI activities beginning in 1999 that lead up to the formation of the network. (See full report)
- Opportunity for Rural Development Academy (RDA) to Include SRI Methods in Five Year Government Water-Saving Project
[April 30, 2015] Muazzam Hussain reports that the Government has approved a five year project to be implemented by Rural Development Academy (RDA). The title of the project is "Action research project on extension and dissemination of modern water saving technologies and management practices to increase crop production." The objectives of the project include introduction of modern farming technologies in 200 sites in 40 districts for increasing rice and other crops, to increase irrigation water use efficiency, and improve the soil fertility through utilization of trichoderma enhanced composting. This is hoped to be a good opportunity for promoting SRI methods of rice production management by RDA among other methods. There is also a scope for including crops other than rice in the project.
- Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committee (BRAC) SRI Progress for 2012-2015
Under its Agriculture and Food Security Programme, BRAC initiated a validation and dissemination of SRI methods for sustainable rice production through active participation of farmers during the 2012-13 Boro season. A block approach was followed to facilitate irrigation under the AWD system and strengthen participatory group action. The programme has been continuing during the last three years. The following table shows the number of districts covered, Upazilas/blocks, number of participating farmers, and acreage under SRI during the last three Boro seasons.
Table 1: Progress of BRAC SRI programme 2012-13 to 2014-15Year Districts Upazilas/blocks No. Of farmers SRI acreage
2012-13 5 15/15 1105 441.09
2013-14 11 31 2830 1335.21
2014-15 8 27/52 2758 1513.94
Of the above information only the first year’s report has been received, which indicates that performance of SRI was much better than that under farmers’ practice. SRI yield was 50% higher and profitability was almost double for both hybrid and inbred rice cultivation.
- Bangladesh Agricultural University Research
Prof. Najrul Islam, professor of Agronomy has now three graduate students doing dissertation on SRI methods in an one acre experimental plot during the last Aman (Kharif 2) season (2014), using a raised bed method of planting and a new variety of rice developed by BAU. Comparative performance between SRI and farmer’s practice showed that yields under SRI and farmer’s method were 6-5 tons/ha and 5.00 tons/ha respectively.
2012-13 (For additional information see SRI NNB update)
- RDA Progress for 2012-2013
At the SRI NNB meeting held on May 11, 2013, the EC expressed its satisfaction at the initiation of a new programme on SRI promotion under its Agriculture and Food Security programme in five northern districts. The RDA reported that it had also started action programme on SRI during the 2012-13 Boro season, and that they would try SRI during all three production seasons, i.e., Boro, Aus (Kharif 1) and Aman (Kharif 2). BAU has also been conducting some action-research on a small-scale. Their activities are briefly reported below.
- RDA programme Progress
Experiments were conducted at RDA demonstration farm and at farmers’ fields of 15 selected farmers during all three rice production seasons during 2012-13. Findings on comparative performance showed that during all seasons, performance of SRI was better than that of farmers’ practice. Both yields and returns of SRI were higher during all three seasons.
- Proshika conducts SRI trials
Proshika, which earned reputation for its initiative in organic farming, conducted demonstration trials on SRI in three districts, Manikgonj, Naogaon, and Rangpur during the 2011-12 Boro season. The results were encouraging except in Rangpur where transplantation was made very late in the season.
- DAE undertakes SRI demonstration during Aus season, 2011 in Kushtia
During a discussion session with the Director General, Department of Agricultural Extension (DAE), the matter of initiating demonstration of SRI method by DAE in different suitable areas was raised by the Coordinator, SRI NNB. The DG proposed to start SRI demonstration immediately during the Aus season in Kushtia and asked the Deputy Director, DAE, Kushtia to arrange the same in consultation with the SRI NNB. The DD was very enthusiastic about the proposal and a training session and field visit was arranged. A two member team went to Kushtia and conducted SRI training to 27 field staff (SAAO) and 13 farmers. Field visits were also made to discuss different aspects of SRI, motivate interested farmers, and advice on the suitability of selected plots. Finally demonstration plots were started in six upazila with five farmers’ plots in each upazila. Progress was monitored. The DD informed that the performance of the trials was good. However, he has been transferred to Ishwardi as Principal of the Agricultural Extension Training Institute (AETI) there. He promised to continue his support to promote SRI.
- National SRI Workshop Held
The Fifth SRI National Workshop was hosted by Bangladesh Rice Research Institute (BRRI) at Gazipur, Bangladesh, on April 28, 2010. The workshop was jointly organized by SRI National Network Bangladesh (SRI NNB) and BRRI, and was cosponsored by Padakhep Manabik Unnayan Kendra (Centre for Sustained Human Development). Policy makers, researchers, practitioners including field workers, and senior scientists from BRRI, BARC, IRRI, and Bangladesh Agricultural University (BAU) participated along with representatives from Padakhep, a partner organization of Oxfam GB, the Department of Agricultural Extension (DAE), Bangladesh Krishibid Samity, Bangladesh Rice Foundation (BRF), and SAFE Development Group, IFDC, FAO, ADRA Bangladesh, CRWRC, and other members of SRI-NNB.
Workshop recommendations stressed an integrated and coordinated program approach by government (research and extension) and NGOs (national and international) for promotion of SRI in a planned manner. The DAE would support extension/promotion of SRI as a regular programme, and BRRI should conduct research on overcoming various constraints that the farmers face in specific areas. Action research by practitioners on identified impediments related to water management, transplantation of young seedlings during winter cold waves, labour and weeding may be given priority. Studies on identifying areas most suitable for SRI should recommended to be one of the research activities, including finding out better combination of SRI practices appropriate for different agroecological zones in Bangladesh. Social, environmental and ecological studies were also recommended to better reflect the benefits of SRI. Additionally, studies were suggested to elucidate how SRI can better address a number of negative ecological impacts that affect the environment, biodiversity and climate change. SRI NNB would play a coordinating role in carrying out the above recommendations. (Full workshop proceedings were revised in 2012 [3.38MB]; a shorter version is also available) .
- BRAC Prepares to Initiate Demonstration Plots for Sharecropper
The Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committee (BRAC) has agreed to set up ten SRI demonstration plots in different districts during the upcoming boro season. Muazzam Husain, coordinator of the SRI National Network Bangladesh, conducted a training/orientation session with 25 Agricultural Development Officers employed under BRAC's sharecropper development project to organize and help sharecroppers in 158 Upazila (sub-districts) to improve their production by using better technology. Support and monitoring of the demonstrations will be provided as well as technical and credit support for the farmers.
For 1999-2008 SRI activities, see SRI Bangladesh Archives
- National Experience Sharing workshop
Bangladesh Rice Research Institute
April 28, 2010
- National SRI Workshop
(organized the SRI National Network Bangladesh and Oxfam GB/Bangladesh)
February, 13, 2008
- Farmers' Field Day Session in Gaibandha
Village of Dhumaidhari, in Sundergonj Upazila of Gaibandha District
(organized by DAE officials, OXFAM partners NGOs and SRI NNB)
May 12, 2007
- SRI Experience-Sharing National
Khamarbari, Dhaka, Bangladesh
October 11, 2006
- National SRI Workshop
IDB Bhaban, Dhaka, Agargaon, Bangladesh
(organized by IRRI/PETRRA sub-projects of Bangladesh)
December 24, 2003
- SRI National Workshop
(organized by CARE)
September 27, 2002
- Jahangir, Rahman. 2016. A silver lining amid gloom. The Financial Express. April 1. [Agro-economist suggests that yield gaps of existing varieties could be reduced with the adoption SRI]
- কুষ্টিয়ায় এরাইজ গোল্ড ধানের সফল গবেষণা. [Bengali language: Golden rice research with SRI successful in Kushtia]
February 21, 2013. Bangla Mail and Unmochan (Kushtia, Bangladesh)
সমন্বিত ধান চাষ পদ্ধতিতে মনোযোগ দেওয়ার আহ্বান. [Bengali language: Call for attention for coordinated paddy cultivation with SRI]
November 05, 2012. Shokaler Khabor (Bangladesh)
- জনতা ব্যাংকের সহায়তায় ধান চাষে রেকর্ড. [Bengali language: Janata bank facilitates record production with HYV paddy in Kushtia]
November 05, 2012. Shokaler Khabor, Bangladesh)
খাদ্য নিরাপত্তা নিশ্চিতে সমন্বিত ধান চাষে মনোযোগ দিতে হবে. [Bengali language: Integrated rice cropping to address food security]
October 18, 2012. BD Today.(Bangladesh)
খাদ্য নিরাপত্তার চ্যালেঞ্জ মোকাবিলা: এসআরআই পদ্ধতির দিকে মনোযোগ দিতে হবে. [Bengali language: Food security challenges: Attention must be given to SRI methods]
October 15, 2012. Dainik Destiny (Bangladesh)
বোরোতেই বাড়তি ৫০ লাখ টন চাল উৎপাদন সম্ভব. [Bengali language: Additional 5 million tonnes of rice production possible with SRI]
October 15, 2012. Naya Diganta (Dhaka, Bangladesh)
কৃষি উৎপাদন বাড়াবে এসআরআই পদ্ধতি. [Bengali language: Agricultural production can increase with SRI]
October 15, 2012. Kaler Kantho (Dhaka, Bangladesh)
নওগাঁয় এসআরআই মাঠ দিবস পালিত. [Bengali language: March day celebrated for head start in to SRI]
May 06, 2012. NBN24 (Raj Shahi, Bangladesh)
Website articles, blog posts and reports
- IGC. 2017. Social network, referrals and technology adoption: Randomized field experiments using System of Rice Intensification (SRI). International Growth Centre (IGC) website. January. [IGC Bangldesh will have a meeting Jan. 15 to disseminate study findings.]
- Islam, Asadul, Chris Barret, and Marcel Fafchamps. 2015. Technology adoption and diffusion: The System of rice intensification and food security in Bangladesh. International Growth Center website. September 7. [Update on a project completed in July 2015.]
- Husain, Muazzam. 2015. SRI National Network Bangladesh Update of SRI Progress in Bangladesh (April 2015). SRI-Rice website. April 30. [Report on the past 15 years of progress of SRI in Bangladesh by the Coordinator of the SRI National Network Bangladesh (SRI NBB).
- Desh Premik. 2012. কৃষি উন্নয়নে প্রযুক্তি ব্যবহারে ২০ শতাংশ উৎপাদন বাড়ানো সম্ভব. Somewhere in.. blog. April 30. [Bengali language: Rice production can be increased by 20- 40% by using SRI technologies, Bangladesh]
- 2012.গবেষণা তথ্য : কৃষি প্রযুক্তি ব্যবহারে উত্পাদন বাড়ানো সম্ভব. Aamar Desh website. April 23. [Bengali language: Research Information: Agricultural technology can increase production, Bangladesh]
- SRI National Network Bangladesh. 2010 (revised 2012). System of Rice Intensification (SRI) - Proceedings of the Experience-Sharing National Workshop: Fifth National SRI Workshop. System of Rice Intensification website. (74p., 3.38MB pdf) (see also shorter version: 11p., 68 KB pdf) [Proceedings of the Fifth SRI National Workshop, which was hosted by Bangladesh Rice Research Institute (BRRI) at Gazipur on April 28, 2010, and jointly organized by SRI National Network Bangladesh (SRI NNB) and BRRI, and was cosponsored by Padakhep Manabik Unnayan Kendra (Centre for Sustained Human Development).]
- Chouhan, Gopal. 2007. Farmers' field day session in Gaibandha district, Bangladesh. System of Rice Intensification website. (2p., 98KB pdf) [Report of May 12 event in the Village of Dhumaidhari, in Sundergonj Upazila of Gaibandha District, Bangladesh]
- Chouhan, Gopal. 2006. Proceedings of the SRI Experience-sharing National Workshop, October 11, in Khamarbari, Dhaka, Bangladesh. (12p., 352KB pdf)
- Uphoff, Norman T. 2005. Report on a visit to India and Bangladesh regarding SRI progress. Cornell International Institute for Food, Agriculture and Development. System of Rice Intensification website. (34p., 394KB pdf) [Trip report of February 17-26, 2005 visit to South Asia for CIIFAD].
- 2003. Proceedings of a National SRI Workshop,
December 24, in IDB Bhaban, Dhaka, Agargaon, Bangladesh.
- Uphoff, N.T. 2002. Trip report on SRI activities in Bangladesh. Cornell International Institute for Food, Agriculture and Development. System of Rice Intensification website. [Trip report of September 2002 visit to Bangladesh for CIIFAD].
- Husain, A.A.M. 2002. Experience with SRI methods in Bangladesh. Paper presented at the international conference on Assessments of the System of Rice Intensification (SRI), April 1-4, in Sanya, China. (pdf)
- 2016. Technology adoption, System of Rice Intensification and food security in rural Bangladesh. Global Development & Research Initiative (GDRI) website, research section. [accessed September 2016]
- Barrett, Chris, Marcel Fafchamps, Asad Islam, Abdul Malek, and Debayan Pakrashi. 2016. System of rice intensificaion in rural Banladesh: Adoption, diffusion and impact. InternationaI Growth Center (IGC) Working Paper. February 14. (37 pdf) [A study by researchers from Cornell, Stanford, and Monash Universities, IIT (Kanpur), and BRAC studying SRI in farming communities being served by BRAC. A follow up study is planned.]
- Chakrabortty, Sudip, S. Islam, P. K. Biswas, et al. 2015. Response of seedling age to growth and yield of boro rice (BRRI Dhan 50) under SRI. International Journal of Business, Social, and Scientific Research 3(2): 97-101.
- Haque, Muhammed Maksudul, Ratna Rani Majumder, Tapas Kumer Hore, and Md. Romel Biswash. 2015. Yield contributing characters effect of submerged water levels of boro Rice (Oryza sativa L.). Scientia Agriculturae 9(1): 23-29. doi:110.15192/PSC P.SA.201 184.108.40.2069
- Senanayakea, Nari, and Aditi Mukherjib. 2014. Irrigating with arsenic contaminated groundwater in West Bengal and Bangladesh: A review of interventions for mitigating adverse health and crop outcomes. Agricultural Water Management 135(31): 90-99. doi: 10.1016/j.agwat.2013.12.015
- Rahman, M and I. B. Roy. 2006. Effect of the System of Rice Intensification (SRI) on rice yield in Bangladesh, boro season, 2005-2006. ActionAid Bangladesh. System of Rice Intensification website. (11p., 359KB pdf) [Evaluation of the FoSHoL Project of ActionAid Bangladesh]
- Husain, A.A.M. et al. 2004. Report on System of Rice Intensification (SP 36 02). Presentation at the PETRRA Technology Workshop, May 23-24, at BRRI, Gazipur, Bangladesh.
- Husain, A.A.M. 2004. Final evaluation report on verification and refinement of the System of Rice Intensification (SRI) in selected areas of Bangladesh (SP 36 02). System of Rice Intensification website. (84p. 595KB pdf). [Report submitted to PETRRA, IRRI, Dhaka, Bangladesh.]
- Das, Luthur. 2003. Trial Monitoring Report for SP 36 02. System of Rice Intensification website. September. [Report for the SAFE Development Group, Bangladesh]
- Husain, A.A.M, et al. 2003. SRI Survey Trial Monitoring Report for SP 36 02. BRAC University. System of Rice Intensification website. December. (24p., 211KB pdf)
- Sarker, Md. Abu Bakar Siddique. 2015. Identification of the critical factors of System of Rice Intensification (SRI) for maximizing Boro rice yield in Bangladesh. Presentation at the 17th Australian Agronomy Conference, Tasmania, Australia, September 24, 2015. 26 slides. [Md. Abu Bakar Siddique Sarker is Principle Scientific Officer, Agronomy Division, Bangladesh Rice Research Institute (BRRI)]
- Husain, A. M. Muazzam. 2007. Some Agro-ecological and Institutional Aspects of the System of Rice Intensification (SRI): The Bangladesh Case. 14 slides. (PowerPoint embedded below requires Flash 9 or higher; or view directly on slideshare.net)
- Husain, A. M. Muazzam. 2004. Evaluation of SRI in Bangladesh. BRAC University, Dhaka, Bangladesh. Presentation given at the WRRC, Tokyo-Tsukuba, Japan November 4-7, 2004. 29 slides.
- 2017 (February 6).উন্নত পদ্ধতিতে ধান চাষাবাদ, অধিক ধান উৎপাদনে SRI, Improved methods of rice cultivation. Part 1, 6:19 min., Part 2, 4:13 min.; Part 3, 9:51 min. AT channel, YouTube. [Bangali language SRI information, Bangladesh]
- 2016 (September 26) Can SRI techniques help Bangladeshi farmers increase their yields? 1:56 min. Monash Business School channel, YouTube. [Associate Professor Asad Islam, Monash University, explores the implications of SRI techniques in rural Bangladesh.]