ciifad banner

logoarrowSRI International Network and Resources Center


Home > Countries > Afganistan
AFGHANISTAN

Summary

History of SRI in Afghanistan:

Interactive Map of SRI Activities in Afghanistan


View Afghanistan in a larger map. Use Interactive map tools
to find blue SRI site markers. Click on blue markers for info.

Although several efforts were made by CIIFAD as early as 2003 to get SRI methods evaluated in Mazar-e-Sharif and Ajrestan (see report), there was no evident SRI uptake in Afghanistan before the Aga Khan Foundation (AKF) began working with the methods in a systematic way in 2007; AKF trials in 2009 were successful, as were trials and outreach efforts every year since then. In May 2008, Humayun Kabir, agricultural advisor to the Metta Development Foundation in Myanmar, traveled to Taloqan District in Takhar Province to review German Agro Action (GAA)'s SRI activities which began in 2007. While the trials were not completely successful, one farmer recorded a yield of 490 kg from 500 sq.m. area (9.8 tons per hectare), and at least 50 farmers agreed to participate in 2008 SRI trials (see report). However, GAA reportedly withdrew due to security problems in later years. [Click on the interactive map below and drag curser to find blue SRI sites referred to above. Then click on the blue site marker for SRI information].

Aga Khan Foundation - Afghanistan Experience: In 2007, the Participatory Management of Irrigation Systems program (PMISP) of the Aga Khan Foundation began introducing SRI in the northern provinces of Baghlan and Takhar. AKF brought in Parcha Kishan Rao, an SRI farmer-trainer in Andhra Pradesh, India, to instruct farmers in three locations on the new methods. These first trials were not successful because the crop was planted one month late and the area has a short growing season. Still, farmers were impressed by the SRI tillering that they saw, and some were willing to continue with evaluations.

In 2008, on-farm comparison trials of six farmers and a research station along the Jangharoq and Kelagai Canals gave very good SRI results, with average yields of 10.13 t/ha, compared with 5.41 t/ha on the adjacent control plots (see 2008 report). There were also significant water savings. Expanded trials were undertaken in 2009, with 42 farmers doing control trials in 3 districts of Baghlan and Takhar provinces (an unreported number of other farmers dropped out of the evaluation because of threats from the Taliban). Average SRI yields were 9.3 t/ha, 66% more than the yield with traditional methods, 5.6 t/ha. Experienced farmers (those in their second year of trials) increased their land size under SRI and improved their SRI yield by + 27 % over their first-year SRI yield (see 2009 report and manual prepared by AKF).

During 2010, the total number of participating farmers in three districts of Baghlan and Takhar provinces was 150% higher than in the 2009 program, despite having to withdraw (due to security issues) from activities in Baghlan district of Baghlan province, which was the main project area during 2009. In Doshi and Taloqan districts of Baghlan and Takhar provinces, 104 farmers averaged SRI yields of 8.8 t/ha, compared to 5.6 t/ha using their standard methods. Farmers in their second year with SRI had 11.5% higher yields than they had in their first year. During 2011, the number of farmer participants increased to 114 with average yields increasing to 10.01 t/ha. Technical support increased in both districts, though no new farmers were added in Doshi due to budgetary constraints.

JDA/GIZ SRI Projects:The Colorado-based non-profit Joint Development Associates International (JDA) began work with SRI in Sholgara district of Balkh province in 2011 in a project funded by Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ). A demonstration plot was established in each of three different villages and 157 farmers from surrounding villages joined in four in-depth training sessions. On hundred twenty-five farmers from 32 villages were trained in a related field day during 2012 (see article).

FAO/Norway/DAIL PIPM Project: During 2012, the Promoting Integrated Pest Management (PIPM) project and the provincial staff of the Directorates of Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock (DAILs) conducted 38 Farmer Field Schools on SRI with 950 farmers in Nangarhar, Baghlan, Takhar, Kunduz, Balkh, Kunar, Laghman and Herat provinces.

Yearly Progress and Activities

2013 Updates
2012
2011
2010
2003-2009 - see Afghanistan activity archives

Reports and Articles

Practical Information

Videos

Presentations

0847 System of Rice Intensification in Afghanistan

Photo Collection

The Afghanistan SRI photo collection was supplied by Ali Muhammad Ramzi and other colleagues in Afghanistan. (Click on the inidividual photos showing in the slideshow in the Afghanistan summary section at the top of the page to enlarge them). If you do not have Flash installed, click here to see individual photos which are made available on Picasaweb.

Additional photos of the Aga Khan Foundation SRI work in Afghanistan can be found in nearly all the reports listed in the Reports and Articles section above.

IP logo AgNIC logo
The SRI International Network and Resources Center (SRI-Rice) is supported by
Ohrstrom Foundation, The Bridging Peace Fund, Marguerite and Norman Uphoff, and Jim Carrey's Better U Foundation
  Contact Us  | SRI-Rice is associated with International Programs - CALS at Cornell University  | ©2015